Originally planned to be enlarged and improved versions of the preceding Borodino Class Battleships, Andrei Pervozvanny and Imperator Pavel I were completely reworked to incorporate the lessons learned from the Russo-Japanese War and most importantly the defects of the preceding class. One problem of the Borodinos came from the numerous scuttles, port holes and other hull openings in the previous design. As they were heavily loaded with coal at Tsushima, they rode low in the water. Battle damage and intake of water submerged some hull openings below the water line and they took on more water. Three of the four Borodinos at Tsushima (Kniaz Souverov, Imperator Aleksandr III & Borodino) lost stability and capsized. Only Orel survived, being captured by the Japanese Fleet. 

Pervoz4981paq.JPG (67589 bytes) Pervoz4951pfdiaup.JPG (160024 bytes) Pervoz4969paqupbl.JPG (78230 bytes) Pervoz4956pfup.JPG (127609 bytes)

The design of Andrei Pervozvanny eliminated all scuttles in the completely armored hull. All ventilation had to come from deck facilities. The battle ranges during the Russo-Japanese War proved to be much greater than had been anticipated before the war. As a result the Russian Navy in advance of contemporary navies, designed the 12 inch guns to elevate to 35 degrees, greatly increasing their range. 

Pervoz4949plan.JPG (113904 bytes) Pervoz4999bowplan.JPG (142164 bytes) Pervoz4998midplan.JPG (133710 bytes) Pervoz4997sternplan.JPG (131650 bytes)

The most striking features were the two lattice masts. These two ships were the only capital ships to carry cage masts that were not built in the United States. Their design was different from those in the USN, in that they were smaller diameter and had a wasp waist, with a gentle flair outward near the tops. These were unsuccessful and were cut down to funnel height in Imperator Pavel I and to half funnel height in Andrei Pervozvanny in the winter of 1916-1917. Pole masts were stepped through the remains of lattice work. The two could also be distinguished by their crane designs. Andrei Pervozvanny had derrick boat cranes and the Imperator Pavel I had goose neck boat cranes. 


Laid Down- April 1904; Launched- September 7, 1907; Completed- September 7, 1910; Scrapped- 1923

DISPLACEMENT: 17,400 tons (normal), 18, 580 tons (full load): DIMENSIONS: Length- 460 feet (140.2 m); Beam- 80 feet (24.4 m); Draught- 27 feet (8.2 m):

ARMAMENT: Four 12 inch/40 cal (2x2); Fourteen 8 inch /50 cal (2x4 & 6x1); Twelve 4.7 inch/50 cal (12x1); Four 47mm (3 pdr); Eight Machine Guns; Two 3 inch for boarding parties; Three 18 inch submerged Torpedo Tubes.

ARMOR: Belt- 8 ˝ - 5 inch; Belt Ends- 5-3 ˝ inch; Turrets- Main- 8-4 inch; Secondary- 6-4 inch; Casemates- 6 ˝-5 inch; Conning Tower- 8 inch; Total Weight- 4,400 tons

MACHINERY: 25 Belleville Boilers, 2 shaft Vertical Triple Expansion (VTE); 17,775 ihp; Maximum Speed- 18.6 knots; Range- 6,000 nm at 12 knots (12 boilers); 1,440 nm at 18 knots. COMPLEMENT: 33 Officers and 900 Seamen.

SISTERSHIP: Imperator Pavel I (Emperor Paul I)


Because of all of the modifications to the design of these ships, they were very long in building. Andrei Pervozvanny was laid down in April 1903 and Imperator Pavel I in April 1904 but neither ship was completed until 1910. Since the battleships of the Imperial Russian Baltic Fleet had sailed as the Second Pacific Squadron and had all been lost at Tsushima, Andrei Pervozvanny and Imperator Pavel I formed the core of the new Russian Baltic Fleet, along with Tsarevitch, which had escaped Port Arthur to be interned at Kiao-Chau, and Slava, the fifth of the Borodino Class, which had not been ready to sail with her four sisters. The two sisters were among the largest predreadnoughts constructed being 460 feet in length overall and displacing 17,400 tons normal and 18,580 tons full load. 

Pervoz4992a8in.JPG (94878 bytes) Pervoz4995sfq.JPG (105129 bytes) Pervoz4963paqpro.JPG (93330 bytes) Pervoz4957samidup.JPG (113799 bytes)

At the start of World War One the class was active in Baltic operations but as the war progressed their activity decreased. Imperator Pavel I was renamed Respublika after the first revolution of February 1917 and kept that name after the Bolshevik revolution in October 1917, when they were both incorporated into the Red Fleet. During the allied intervention into the Russian Civil War, Andrei Pervozvanny was torpedoed by a British motor torpedo boat attack on Kronstadt on August 18, 1919. She was repaired and put back into service in 1920. At the conclusion of the Civil War both ships were laid up and were scrapped in 1923. 

Pervoz4987pbowpro.JPG (83653 bytes) Pervoz4988pfmidpro.JPG (105361 bytes) Pervoz4985sternppro.JPG (102858 bytes) Pervoz5000pmidup.JPG (142988 bytes)

Earlier this year I read a SMML post that stated that Combrig must have two model designers because the model of the Combrig Imperator Nikolai I appeared to be much more detailed than the Combrig Sevastopol in the photographs on the Combrig web page (Click for Combrig Web Page). There are eight designers at Combrig but the great majority of the models of the Imperial Russian Fleet are from one designer. The Imperator Nikolai I and Sevastopol were designed by the same person. The difference in detail between the two models reflects how fast and how far Combrig has come in designing and producing their resin models. With each new release Combrig has attempted to further increase their quality and detail. The quality of the resin has been improved as well. Last year I did a review on the Combrig Oslyabya (Click for Review) and commented on the brittleness of the resin. Last month I acquired another Oslyabya. The parts were the same but the resin quality was much improved. All of this is a long preamble to the simple statement that the modeler gets a good quality product with Combrig

Pervoz4993sternonup.JPG (105794 bytes) Pervoz4948sproup.JPG (123073 bytes) Pervoz4952sfdiaup.JPG (146958 bytes)

The Andrei Pervozvanny hull reflects the actual battleship design, long and smooth, unpierced by scuttles, except those for drainage. The hull casting was free of defects and featured the vertical strakes and anchors cast integral to recessed wells. Combrig provides plenty of deck detail. Bollards, skylights, ventilators, amidships boat chocks, all features that are very well executed. Additionally the casemate positions are very well delineated. 

Pervozvanny3195box.JPG (66335 bytes) Pervozvanny3197plan.JPG (50087 bytes) Pervozvanny3198profile.JPG (38064 bytes) Pervozvanny3199midaft.JPG (47166 bytes)
Pervozvanny3200midfore.JPG (39309 bytes) Pervozvanny3201pbow.JPG (39298 bytes) Pervozvanny3202sternplan.JPG (66149 bytes) Pervozvanny3203bowplan.JPG (60621 bytes) Pervozvanny3217turrets.JPG (55725 bytes)
Pervozvanny3219bridge.JPG (72338 bytes) Pervozvanny3220stacks.JPG (59300 bytes) Pervozvanny3224masts&yards.JPG (54824 bytes) Pervozvanny3228boats.JPG (67926 bytes) Pervozvanny3232fittings.jpg (74954 bytes)
Pervozvanny3196PE.JPG (87183 bytes) Pervozvanny3234PEMasts.JPG (75415 bytes) Pervozvanny3235PEDetail.JPG (78784 bytes) Pervozvanny3221InstP&P.JPG (60484 bytes) Pervozvanny3222InstAssem.JPG (62485 bytes)

The smaller parts are well executed as well. I especially liked the turrets. Each turret has recessed openings where the guns go through the turret. Guns and turret are all one piece, so I don’t know how Combrig did this but their appearance is excellent. As is true with other Combrig offerings, solid shielding is provided on all decks, even those that had railing. However, the railing on these ships was often covered with canvas and the solid shielding adequately reflects canvas covered railings. If you wish to take the final step in detailing the decks and platforms, you can easily remove the resin shielding, add Photo-etched railing and to simulate canvas covering, cover with tissue of Micro Krystal Klear. However, this build of Andrei Pervozvanny is right from the box without those alterations. The model still comes with solid resin Aztec steps cast at inclined ladder positions. I did remove these to add photo-etched inclined ladders. There is at least 17 such positions and I believe that photo-etched inclined ladders are much more aesthetically pleasing than solid resin stairs. Separate boat chocks are also provided for most of the boats located amidships. 

Pervoz4953bowup.JPG (67985 bytes) Pervoz4996pfqup.JPG (106576 bytes) Pervoz5001pmidup.JPG (129203 bytes) Pervoz5003foremast.JPG (46096 bytes)

The stacks are not the same. They are well done with delicate banding but the oval stack is forward and the circular stack is aft. There are locator studs on the underside of the funnels but no corresponding holes on the decks to which they are attached. The only significant preparation was the removal of some pour subs from the main turrets. The resin was of good quality and was easy to work. No significant difficulties were encountered during the build. 

Pervoz5012pfqup.JPG (81840 bytes) Pervoz4959smidup.JPG (139246 bytes) Pervoz4994bow&briup.JPG (99874 bytes) Pervoz4971smida.JPG (90489 bytes)

The Combrig Andrei Pervozvanny is the first 1:700 Combrig kit to come with its own photo-etched frets. There are two; one with ship specific parts and one for railing. The fret of railing has individual stantions at the bottom, rather than a bottom gutter. The quality is good but not at the level of the leaders in the field, such as GMM, Toms or WEM. (The second Combrig 1:700 kit to come with a photo-etched fret is the Neustrashimy, modern Russian frigate. That fret is top notch with excellent 3-D etched releif). The Andrei Pervozvanny has to have photo-etched cage masts to truly capture its unique look. Accordingly the photo-etched cage masts of the fret are the number one attraction. The Combrig masts are done well but not perfectly. The Combrig masts have the vertical and horizontal steel-work but not the diagonal cross bracing. Having nit-picked the cage masts, it is undeniable that Combrig has captured the unique beauty of these structures. They delicately soar above the mass of the model as the prototypes soared above the original Andrei Pervozvanny. The masts are based on the 01 deck. The foremast goes through a circular opening on the lower bridge platform and fits into half circle recess in the upper bridge platform. The main mast fits in a recess in the rear bridge platform. Use care in placing these platforms over and next to the PE masts. The PE masts can be easily bent during the positioning process. 

Pervoz4964saq.JPG (83832 bytes) Pervoz4970pmidbl.JPG (82871 bytes) Pervoz4968pfqpro.JPG (86946 bytes) Pervoz5011sfqproup.JPG (105266 bytes)

Combrig provides a number of options in this kit. They provide solid stump cage masts for those that wish to model the ship after the masts were cut down. I believe it would be better to cut down the photo-etched pieces to the correct height, using the resin pieces as templates, and use those rather than the solid pieces. The Combrig photo-etch is stainless steel and is easy to cut and shape. To achieve the correct taper for the cage masts, I rolled the lattice-work around the tapered end of a paint brush. The material very easily and quickly adopted the correct curves and taper. Another option is the types of crane to use. Solid one-piece resin cranes are provided as well as six-piece PE cranes. I assembled the PE cranes. 

Pervoz4975pforemast.JPG (53450 bytes) Pervoz4966bowon.JPG (48155 bytes) Pervoz4974smain.JPG (49099 bytes)

The inclined ladders of the Combrig PE have side railing but no separate treads. Instead there is a solid panel with scribed lines. Obviously open ladders with individual rungs or treads would have been better. Both masts have four pointed starfish. Under each point there is triangular bracing. Combrig provides four solid triangular starfish braces in its photo-etched fret, rather than the eight that are needed. This oversight proved to be a moot point as photographs of Andrei Pervozvanny showed that the bracing was open and not solid. I used strips cut from the edge of the PE fret for these braces, rather than use the solid braces provided. Among the PE parts are two cinder screens/grates for the funnels. When cutting them from the fret, cut the pieces as close to the outer edge as possible. You will need the bracing to extend past the oval of the screen to properly place them on top of the funnels. 

Pervoz4965pfq.JPG (62771 bytes) Pervoz4972smidaup.JPG (115603 bytes) Pervoz4989pbri.JPG (111828 bytes) Pervoz4990pfmid.JPG (122373 bytes)

The instructions are typical of those in other Combrig kits, functional but sparse. Other than the two words "Assembly Instruction" all text is in Russian. This is no problem other than without a knowledge of Russian, you can'’ read of the history of the ship. The instructions are one page, printed front and back. The front contains the history and specifications of Andrei Pervozvanny in Russian and a nice profile and plan of the ship as modified in 1917. The back has the assembly instructions for the model as well as photographs of all of the resin pieces and photo-etched frets. The assembly has two isometric drawings of he ship with six inset drawings for detail. The inset drawings cover; 1. Mast and top assembly; 2. PE crane assembly; 3. Forward bridge platform assembly; 4. Rear bridge platform assembly; 5. Yard positioning for full or reduced mainmast; and 6. Yard positioning for full or reduced foremast. I did not experience any difficulty in following the drawings. 

Pervoz4984pfq.JPG (88905 bytes) Pervoz5009saqup.JPG (73003 bytes) Pervoz4967pfq.JPG (56974 bytes) Pervoz5008saq.JPG (45721 bytes)

What attracts you to the model of a particular warship? Warship modelers are invariably historians. Each ship has it’s own history. Aircraft and tanks are mass produced in their thousands. Compared to them warships are very individual and unique. Some modelers like to build the ships with the colorful histories, such as HMS Hood, USS Enterprise, Bismarck or HIJMS Akagi. Other modelers like the unusual, lesser known but architecturally different subjects. Andrei Pervozvanny qualifies under the later category. She had a fairly undistinguished service record but was very different in the terms of naval architecture, as so often true in Russian designs. To me it is the thin, delicate, waspish cage masts that make this subject compelling.

The Combrig Andrei Pervozvanny has very good resin parts and good but not perfect photo-etched frets. Considering that this is Combrig’s first effort at PE in their 1:700 line, I think that it is very commendable product. Every model kit is a representation of the original. The basic question is, Does the model capture the appearance of the original? With the their model of Andrei Pervozvanny, Combrig has captured that appearance.

Pacific Front Hobbies (Phone: 541-464-8579, Fax: 541-957-5477, E-Mail Shipguy@internetcds.com) is the exclusive distributor in the United States for the Andrei Pervozvanny as well as the rest of the extensive Combrig line of 1:700 waterline kits.