Warship designs of the predreadnought and dreadnought eras were based upon three factors, armament, armor and speed. Every design amounted to creating delicate balances of these three major factors. At the start of the 20th Century the United States Navy wanted a follow-up class of cruisers to the USS Olympia. These ships were to be larger and more capable than the eight-inch gun Olympia. The resultant design, the St. Louis Class was lackluster to poor in the three major design areas.


Hull Casting
Milwaukee8355plan.JPG (64900 bytes) Milwaukee8358aftplan.JPG (88867 bytes) Milwaukee8357midplan.JPG (94912 bytes) Milwaukee8356bowplan.JPG (98587 bytes)
Milwaukee8354pro.JPG (60971 bytes) Milwaukee8361aftpro.JPG (76979 bytes) Milwaukee8360midpro.JPG (87476 bytes) Milwaukee8359bowpro.JPG (84100 bytes)
Milwaukee8375pfdia.JPG (80744 bytes) Milwaukee8377pbowpro.JPG (76226 bytes) Milwaukee8362pfqmid.JPG (75448 bytes) Milwaukee8363pbow.JPG (79207 bytes)
Milwaukee8364casemate.JPG (93084 bytes) Milwaukee8365pstern.JPG (81845 bytes) Milwaukee8366aft01.JPG (91699 bytes)
Milwaukee8367scase.JPG (74201 bytes) Milwaukee8373sfdia.JPG (110652 bytes) Milwaukee8368sbriup.JPG (77674 bytes) Milwaukee8369bowdet.JPG (96812 bytes)
Milwaukee8370sbri.JPG (85801 bytes) Milwaukee8371qd.JPG (80319 bytes) Milwaukee8376sadia.JPG (91037 bytes) Milwaukee8372deck01det.JPG (79434 bytes)
Milwaukee8378ssterndet.JPG (71011 bytes) Milwaukee8379pfqsup.JPG (64557 bytes) Milwaukee8380pfqbri.JPG (68965 bytes) Milwaukee8374padia.JPG (78991 bytes)

The St. Louis Class consisted of three ships, St. Louis, Charleston and Milwaukee. All three were laid down in 1902. Originally envisioned as 6,000 ton improved Olympias, changes and new requirements pushed the design to over 8,000 tons. When it was decided to work in more armor the final design came in just under 10,000 tons. These were large ships. Only the last two classes of predreadnoughts (Virginia and Connecticut) and the last two classes of armored cruisers (Pennsylvania and Tennessee) exceeded them in length. The cruisers were given a partial 4-inch armor belt, covering just the machinery spaces. Although rated as protected cruisers, because of the partial belt, the class was sometimes called semi-armored cruisers. For such large ships, the armor was less than sterling. Speed of 22 knots was satisfactory but not exceptional. Lastly the fourteen six-inch guns armament of the class gave a greatly under-gunned cruiser for a 10,000-ton design.


Smaller Resin Parts
Milwaukee8398bri.JPG (109978 bytes) Milwaukee8399bri.JPG (68625 bytes) Milwaukee8400forbri.JPG (81331 bytes) Milwaukee8401aftbri.JPG (93038 bytes)
Milwaukee8397guns.JPG (155716 bytes) Milwaukee8396stacks.JPG (98262 bytes) Milwaukee8395anchors.JPG (113458 bytes) Milwaukee8394search.JPG (128429 bytes)
Milwaukee8393masts.JPG (119008 bytes) Milwaukee8392boatcranes.JPG (115569 bytes) Milwaukee8391ventilators.JPG (122915 bytes) Milwaukee8390boats.JPG (113825 bytes)

USS Milwaukee was launched September 10, 1904 and was completed May 11, 1906. Built at Union Iron Works in San Francisco, she was the only one of the class to be lost. On November 1, 1917, while attempting to salvage the submarine H3, Milwaukee was run aground off of Eureka, California. The Navy was unable to tow her off and one year later in November 1918, she broke in two in a storm.


Brass Photo-Etched Frets
Milwaukee8381fret1.JPG (204919 bytes) Milwaukee8383fret1det.JPG (117905 bytes) Milwaukee8384fret1det.JPG (150318 bytes) Milwaukee8385fret1det.JPG (104159 bytes)
Milwaukee8386fret1det.JPG (163658 bytes) Milwaukee8382fret2.JPG (193297 bytes) Milwaukee8387fret2det.JPG (121901 bytes) Milwaukee8388fret2det.JPG (115769 bytes)

Iron Shipwright has produced a 1:350 scale one piece full hull model of USS Milwaukee as she appeared in 1910 after removal of the bow scroll. The components are shown with the exception of the instructions, which were not ready in mid-January 2003.

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